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Attachment and Emotional Regulation

Affect Regulation and the Developing Brain Mental health professionals, educators, and parents are often confronted with children, adolescents, and adults who either show no affect or inappropriate affect in social situations. A good body of research, starting with the work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth, now suggests that the capacity of affect regulation is developed very early in life. An infant's ability to handle stressful changes in the external environment is developed by being exposed to regulation of the infant's shifting arousal levels. When this does not happen, attachment is insecure and an unstable self-system develops with poor capacity to regulate affect.
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Information

Faculty:
Mark L. Beischel
Duration:
5 Hours 41 Minutes
Format:
Audio and Video
Copyright:
May 29, 2015

Description

Affect Regulation and the Developing Brain

Mental health professionals, educators, and parents are often confronted with children, adolescents, and adults who either show no affect or inappropriate affect in social situations. A good body of research, starting with the work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth, now suggests that the capacity of affect regulation is developed very early in life. An infant's ability to handle stressful changes in the external environment is developed by being exposed to regulation of the infant's shifting arousal levels. When this does not happen, attachment is insecure and an unstable self-system develops with poor capacity to regulate affect.

This recording will address crucial issues relating to the neurobiological and cognitive bases of emotional regulation; how regulatory strategies are developed and used across the lifespan; social-psychological approaches; individual dissimilarities in emotion regulation tendencies; and implications for psychopathology, health, and clinical interventions. Various ways to modify damaged affect regulation will be examined.

You will recognize the importance in looking at how family functioning can protect or insulate youths who are insecurely attached. Social interventions in culturally different families and the role of religion as a stable force in affect regulation will be addressed. Gain insight into clinical interventions in different mental disorders such as externalizing disorders, anxiety and mood disorders, chemical dependency, and PTSD. You will leave the recording with a clear picture of the rapidly growing field of emotional regulation.

Handouts

Outline

Attachment Research & Affect Regulation

  • Work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth: attachment organization across the lifespan
  • Allan Schore’s affect regulation and the orbital-frontal cortex
  • Louis Cozolino’s work on attachment and the social brain—the healing relationship

Neuropsychological Bases of Emotional Regulation

  • Prefrontal—amygdala interaction
  • Neural basis
  • Neural architecture
  • Genetics

The Role of Cognitive Processes in Mood Regulation

  • Prefrontal cortex and the executive functions
  • Explanatory style and emotional regulation
  • Affect regulation and forecasting
  • Conflict monitoring and emotional regulation

Parenting and Family Functioning

  • Parenting influences in early development
  • Attachment and the evolution of families
  • Socialization and emotional regulation in the family
  • Nancy Eisenberg’s effortful control
  • Emotional regulation and the aging brain

Individual Differences

  • Temperament
  • Individual differences and emotional control
  • Intelligent emotional regulation
  • Emotions and self-regulation

Social Interventions

  • Proximity and touch in infant and early childhood treatment
  • Non-conscious regulation
  • Adult attachment strategies
  • Interpersonal regulation
  • Emotional regulation and the role of religio

Development of Affect Dysregulation   

  • Attachment theory    
    • Avoidant response
    • Ambivalent response
    • Disorganized response
    • Secure response
  • Development of insecure attachment through the life span
    • Early childhood behaviors
    • School age behaviors
    • Adolescent behaviors
    • Adult behaviors
  • Measurement of secure and insecure attachment
    • RADQ (Randolph Attachment Disorder Questionnaire)​
    • IPPA (Inventory of Positive Psychological Attitudes)
    • TABS (Trauma and Attachment Belief Scale)
    • Projective testing—play therapy model
  • Inconsistent parenting
  • Vulnerability of insecurely attached
    • At risk children
    • Protective influences

Clinical Interventions

  • PTSD and emotional regulation
  • Allan Schore’s application of self-psychology in repairing affect regulation
  • Methods to avoid the power struggles
  • The power of praise vs. acknowledgment
  • Emotional regulation in externalizing disorders in children and adolescents
    • ADHD
    • ODD
    • Conduct disorder
  • Chemical dependency and affect regulation
  • Marsha Linehan’s dialectical behavior therapy and emotional regulation
  • Techniques for the school setting
  • Techniques to enhance relationships between teachers and kids/teens
  • Educational strategies to help kids focus and stay on task
  • Effective behavior modification techniques to reduce angry outbursts at school
  • Attachment based family therapy for adolescents
  • Mindfulness, relaxation response

Psycho-Pharmaceutical Interventions: Indications and Contraindications

  • Stimulants
  • Antihypertensives
  • Antipsychotics

Case Studies

Faculty

Mark L. Beischel, EdD, Related seminars and products: 2


Mark L. Beischel, EdD, is licensed psychologist, professor, speaker, and author with over 40 years of experience working with children and adults in a variety of clinical settings. Although technically “retired” from his post as Professor of Psychology in the Schools of Education and Professional Studies at Peru State College, he continues to teach brain-based graduate courses there as an adjunct professor. Over the years, he has also provided clinical services in the Nebraska State Penitentiary, psychiatric hospitals, and private practice. Dr. Beischel has presented at numerous national and international conferences, and authored multiple books as well as articles in the Journal of Counseling and Development, the American Personnel and Guidance Journal, and Teaching of Psychology.

Speaker Disclosures:

Financial: Mark Beischel is an adjunct professor for Peru State College. He receives a speaking honorarium from PESI, Inc.

Non-financial: Mark Beischel is a member of the American Psychological Association; and the Nebraska Psychological Association.